Geological Survey Department

The Ghana Geological Survey Authority (GGSA) was established in 1913 by the colonial administration under the Directorship of Sir Albert Kitson to investigate and establish more exactly the extent and quality of both existing and yet undeveloped areas of mining activity and to prepare for their exploitation. The first office of the Department was located at the River Ankobra Junction in Prestea. The Department moved to a more spacious Office in Saltpond in 1946. In 1962 the Department was moved to Accra where major policy decision on mining was taken.

The Department aspires to be an internationally recognized organization contributing to the development agenda of the country through the provision of geoscientific information.


To continuously generate, collect, store and archive relevant geoscientific data, and disseminate data and information in a user-friendly way to government, industry and the public at large.


  1. Mapping
  2. Mineral Exploration
  3. Engineering & Environmental Geology


  • To create an attractive and inspiring working environment based on ethic and social values, and thereby maintain a skilled work force.
  • To produce up-to-date geological maps, based on the integration of geological, geophysical, geochemical and remote sensing data in GIS environment.
  • To re-establish a national digital seismic network in order to define earthquake prone zones in the country as input for effective land use planning.
  • To contribute to the continuous exploration and sustainable exploitation of rocks, minerals, hydrocarbons, and underground water resources.
  • To establish and maintain a national geological information system consisting of reports, maps, and other data in an easily accessible manner for end-users.
  • To assist in the promulgation of the Ghana Geological Survey Bill.


  •  Geological mapping and mineral exploration
  • Geophysical surveys in search of mineral deposits, groundwater resources, environmental studies, etc.
  • Geochemical survey and analysis of samples
  • Engineering geology and geohazards studies
  • Quarry site investigations for construction materials
  • Clay prospecting and evaluation for industrial uses, training, and production of ceramic wares
  • Drilling for exploration and evaluation of mineral and ground water resources
  • Examination and issuing of permits for non-commercial quantities of mineral, rock and soil samples for analysis abroad and in Ghana
  • Improved geology for small-scale miners